What is the “Inminban”

North Koreans live in dozens of households called the Inminban.

Dear leader Kim Jong Il, we could read our hearts and really believed that if we thought bad things would be punished. Even though Kim Jong Il was not listening, spies were everywhere, listening to windows and watching the school yard. They all belonged to a kind of neighbor group called Inminban, and were ordered to report if anyone said something wrong (Park Young-mi, “The Choice to Live”)
In a group of people groups where all citizens must attend at least once a week, they learn that their friends are “comrades” and must call each other so. Teach that everyone must have the same idea “(ibid.)
A standard people’s group consists of thirty to fifty families. People’s groups usually consist of residents of a particular area.
In an apartment, on the other hand, such a group consists of all families sharing the same stairs (or a few nearby stairs if the building is not large). Usually, middle-aged women are heads of the People’s Team. (Andrey Lankov, North of the DMZ: Essays on Daily Life in North Korea)
According to the Pyongyang Newspaper, “all members of society are, without exception, integrated into the People’s Group,” the smallest unit of authority “.
Kim Jong Il, which newspapers often refer to as the “ Glorious Party Central, ” “ has been working hard to guide the construction of an exemplary People’s Group and region, showing the exact direction of the People’s Group and ways to further improve its activities. It is. Kim Jong Il also stated, “We will remodel society in general based on subjectivity.
In accordance with the task, we took concrete steps to increase the responsibility of the people’s leaders. “(Alexander Zhebin, The Kim Dynasty I Seen)
The rights and obligations of “Inminban” and its members are documented in special documents, with each group consisting of twenty to thirty households in a city, and forty to sixty groups forming an area (a cave in a Japanese town). None, regional offices are leading this. Regional offices belong to the People’s Committee (a district committee in cities and a village committee in rural areas), which is a local authority.
In Pyongyang, a full-time rally for the people of the People’s Group is held at least once a year. The rally will oversee the Municipal Party Committee, the chairman of the People’s Committee and the leaders of city institutions, as well as organizational issues and propaganda.
Senior officials of the Party Central Committee and representatives of the Social Security Department will attend. (Ibid.)
Inminban’s primary duty is to unite all members around the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung and his dear leader Kim Jong Il. “First and foremost, we must use all means and methods to advertise the greatness of our beloved leader and our party (Kim Jong Il) and to vigorously pursue ideological educational activities.
“ Education based on subjectivity and revolutionary traditions, as well as classroom education, will foster members of the group into independent communist revolutionaries and infinitely loyal people to the great leader and the glorious party center. ” It was pointed out at a city-wide meeting of Inminban officials.
Inminban has also played an important role in promoting the so-called “home revolution.”
These issues are mainly solved within the framework of Imminban. As Kim Il Sung points out, “We start with the revolution of the home, then revolutionize the inminban, groups, workplaces and villages, create exemplary units and disseminate their experiences. By doing so, we must gradually revolutionize the entire society and transform all its members into an exemplary working class. ” According to the newspaper’s feed, the essence of a “revolutionary home” is to make all its members “infinitely loyal to the Kim Il Sung clan.” As the official propaganda demands, all people in North Korea are not considered to have the greatest value in the physical life of individuals, but rather “social and political possessions” where “the leader, the party and the public are inseparable.” You have to recognize that it is a social and political life that you live as a member of the “machine”. (Ibid.)

Each house is painted in color, and the color seems to identify which group it belongs to.

The house resembled another house, built next to the same model. One door, only one window, and a roof with orange round tiles. The walls were white, but on the bottom I was painted as blue as I was 8 or 9 years old. Officials in the area where we lived, who came regularly to check the hygiene of the homes, ordered a repainting of the foundation each time.
The shades were replaced by green, blue and light brown each time, but every house in the same group had to be the same color. (Chang Ki-hon, North Korean Children)