Propaganda education is offered not only in the United States and Japan, but also in Korea and South Korea in North Korea. North Korean defector Park Young-mi testifies as follows:
North Koreans are taught that foreign countries are shady and dangerous places. The worst of these was South Korea, a hated American poor colony that was described as a fertilizer. (Park Yong-mi, “The Choice to Live”)
I liked the story, but the only book available in North Korea was the government-issued propaganda book. I read about a dirty and abominable place in Korea instead of a scary story. There was a story of a homeless tramp begging barefoot. (Ibid.)
In North Korea, textbooks teach the following about South Korea and South Korea.
The first-year language textbook “I want to study” teaches that some children in South Korea are poor, unable to pay monthly tuition (tuition fees), and cannot go to school. It is introduced for running dogs. (Toshio Miyazuka, Sumiko Miyazuka, “North Korea: Amazing Textbook”)
It is said that a cruel painting is hung on the wall of a North Korean school.
At school, there is a picture of a Korean girl hanging from the neck everywhere on the wall, saying, “Buy my eyes. Please help my sick mother.” (Lu Jinzhu, “North Korea Seen by a Girl”)
Those who go abroad such as diplomats are given ideological education in advance. Princess Shinpo, who has a diplomat’s husband, testified as follows:
When you live abroad, be especially careful about contact with the Korean people. ” Even just exchanging words with the Korean people could be misleading if seen by others, or, in severe cases, be forced to return to their home country. (Shin Young-hee “I was the dancer of Kim Jong Il”)
When interacting with Koreans, ideological education is given in advance. In this regard, Ahn has given similar testimony.
In the summer of that year, it was reported that there were exchange performances of north and south artists and visits of separated families, and when they came to Pyongyang, they were told about the rules of behavior to observe and to select artists to send to Seoul. It was a fuss. Eventually, the selection of artists participating in the “Grand Concert in Seoul” has ended, and philosophy education has begun for them. Lee Shigekichi, a dancer from the Pivada (Blood Sea) Dance Company, received an invitation to show a movie to educate them at the 2.8 Cultural Center.
“It’s hard to live in Seoul. It’s full of beggars, it’s polluted by air and water, and it’s easy to get sick.”
“What if the US Emperor’s running dog didn’t return us?”
“ South Korean girls dye their hair yellow, undergo nose-boosting surgery, and even cut their eyelids with a blade, just like Americans do. ”
“Everyone wants to forgive the Americans for their skin. The Americans have dominated for forty years, so Seoul will probably have mixed blood.” (Kang Cheol-Hwan, An-hyuk, “Escape from North Korea” ])
The following testimony also shows that contact with South Koreans has been wary of the North Korean government.
In the north, if you get a southern product, you have to put it all up. My acquaintance went south in 1984 with relief supplies for floods. In the south, they returned one gift box to the north in return. Among them were radios, cassettes, high-end clothes, and clocks. However, the friend had to open the box and submit it to the National Security Service (Note: North Korea’s secret police). Those who went south told him, “They are totally swift.” (Kangming Road, North Korea’s Top Secret)
Kim Won-jo, who made a “visit to the motherland” in North Korea, testified that he had been trained in thought during his visit. The following is the contents of learning about South Korea and South Korea.
The topic of study today was “South Korea and the issue of strengthening the organization of the Federation”, with particular emphasis on the “American invasion forces and the puppet party’s war strategy”, the so-called “Northernism”.
“ The South Korean puppet party will be wary if you open your mouth and warrior if you win, promote the strengthening and modernization of the puppet army to prepare for the war readiness, A new war provocation by the U.S. Emperor and the South Korean puppet party has brought the Korean Peninsula to a tense situation in which a war flares at any time. We are not afraid that the enemy will start a war: all the armed forces and all the people will be united in preparation for battle and will give the enemy a destructive blow no matter what time the war occurs. I’m ready. ”
(Kim Won-jo, “Republic of the frozen land”)
The following is about South Korea and South Korea from the perspective of North Korea.
What makes the north better than the south is the status of men. One of the surprises of watching TV in the south is that I often come across scenes where a woman eats a bottle in a serial drama. Then, the man looks dissatisfied, but only touches his cheeks. In northern homes, everything is decided by the voice of his father. The woman must obey the man unconditionally.
In the north, he often says that once a woman straddles the threshold of a man’s house, even if she dies, she must die on the threshold of that house. Even though a man may offer a divorce, a woman rarely speaks of a divorce first. However, in Seoul, a woman glares at her husband and says, “I can’t live with you anymore. Divorce.”
In January 1989, Hyundai Group’s Honorary Chairman Chung Ju-young visited the north. North has previously cursed Zheng Zhou Yong as a “buyer capitalist sucking the blood of workers and peasants.” However, when Zheng Zhou Yong arrived north, he was treated just like the president, taking him by plane to visit his hometown of Torukawa. People who saw it began to change their minds, saying, “Even a buy-in capitalist needs only money.”
Also, in the north, Zheng Zhou Yong was known as a man riding a cow down the South during the Korean War. It means a person who went to Korea while wearing a bull with the money he sold. In just a few decades, these humans have returned to the North as presidents of internationally renowned conglomerates, and the North’s inhabitants’ views of South Korea have changed dramatically. I thought that if you worked hard, you could make as much money as you want and become a conglomerates. (Ibid.)
The South Korean side still has a law prohibiting contact with North Koreans as of 2017.
South Korea still regards North Korea as an “anti-state organization” and considers it a crime if it contacts North Americans without permission from the authorities or spreads North Korean periodicals, videos, films and other works in the country. The National Security Law is alive. (Alexander Zhebin, “The Kim Dynasty I See”)