School life in general

Here I will quote about school life in North Korea. Mainly about people’s schools (elementary schools) and high schools (junior high schools, high schools). North Korea has an entrance ceremony in March, but the new semester seems to start in April.

After the return-to-home business began, the educational system, which had been in the new semester in September, was changed to the April semester in April, together with Japan. (Zhang Akihide, Betrayed Paradise)

The return-to-home business is a business in which Koreans in Japan return to North Korea.
The following is about elementary school ratings and long vacations.

Elementary school examinations are conducted twice a year at the end of the term, and are classified into the highest score (5 points), honor (4 points), normal (3 points), passing (2 points), and failing (1 point). Some schools post pictures of the top performers in the hallway. Elementary schools have a spring break in March (one week), a summer vacation in August (two weeks), and a six-week winter break between January and February.
However, summer and winter holidays require homework and compulsory work every day. (Toshio Miyazuka, Sumiko Miyazuka “Amazing Textbook”)

In addition, the following testimony has been made regarding the order of seats in the classroom.

In North Korean schools, classroom seats were decided according to grades (Park Yong-mi, “The Choice to Live”)

The following is about excursions.

Visiting the land where Kim Il Sung fought in the partisan on foot is like an excursion of a student from North Korea, and he walks with a flag in a group called “Revolutionary Battlefield Exploration Team”. (Toshio Miyazuka, “Wandering Children and Beauty Corps: Living in North Korea”)

In North Korea, there are criticism gatherings called “summary of life” or “summary of life”, and elementary school students must also participate.

Elementary school classes are from Monday to Saturday, with a “summer life” on Saturday. This is a time to reflect on one week’s life and determine and prepare for next week’s life.
In this “summary of life”, since the attitudes of the alumni other than me have to be criticized, mutual distrust sometimes arises. The defector said that this “summary of life” was the same as the class about the father and his son, and he did not allow any sloppy behavior and was quite painful. (Toshio Miyazuka, Sumiko Miyazuka, “Amazing Textbook in North Korea”)

Music is important for propaganda education in North Korea. In North Korea, elementary school students, junior and senior high school students and university students march in platoons while singing songs when going to and from school.

Sing “Socialism is ours” when marching. (Barbara deimck “Nothing to Envy:Ordinary Lives in North Korea”)
All teachers must be able to play the accordion. She often sings in the classroom, “Nothing is enviable in this world.”
“ Our father, nothing enviable in this world; our house is taken by the Labor Party; all our brothers and sisters; even if the sea of fire is coming, the pretty children are not afraid. “Our father is here, nothing enviable.” (Ibid.)

The most important aspect of North Korea’s school education concerns Kim Il Sung.

I have to personally recite Kim Il Sung’s virtue document. No matter how bad a student is, he must recite it all night.
After school, collect bags under a tree near the school, recite the memoirs of Kim Il Sung’s virtue and the history of the Revolution of the Kim Il Sung on the catalog, and after being censored by teachers and chiefs by boy group You can go home.
One boy group consists of six people, but if there is something that even one person can not remember, everyone can not return until after 9 o’clock at night. Therefore, every student and the people of North Korea can always complain and complain about Kim Il Sung anytime and anywhere. (Kim hyon-hui “as a woman”)

North Korea’s propaganda education is thorough, with cruel paintings on the walls of the corridor.

At school, there are propaganda drawings all over the wall, like a Korean girl hanging a tag from her neck saying, “Please buy my eyes. Please help my sick mother.” I have. Students often see the pictures saying they are moving from classroom to classroom, during breaks, and many times a day. (Lu Jinzhu, “North Korea Seen by a Girl”)

The following is about the fight between North Korean children.

Once a fight began in a class, it was natural for men and women to beat each other. The umbrella flies, the chair flies, the wound is broken, my head is broken, and it’s already a fuss.
The boys seemed to be rough wolves, but some of the girls seemed like queens, so they weren’t silent. When she is about to lose to a girl, the boy imitates Taekwondo and threatens the girl. Still, if the girls aren’t silent, they will really kick this time. (Ibid.)

Naturally, North Korean children are the same people as us. If you fight, you may get drunk and punish your teacher.

When I was in second grade when I was the vice chairman of the class, seven male students joined the People’s Army and had a farewell party. They enjoyed drinking for the first time since their birth, sang old popular songs, and wrote improvised poems to cherish this friendship forever.
The rules banned students from drinking and smoking, and they were all convinced that singing popular songs was left as a reminder of feudal Confucianism and unconditionally punishable. However, someone has informed the school. “I’ll write a self-criticism book! But if you write it off, I’ll report it to the principal and drop everyone out of school.” (Zhang Jin-shu, Beyond the Frozen River)

The following is about parade practice.

All children were trained in these orchestra parades during school physical education and almost every weekend.
You learn how to salute, sway the bouquet well, not too high or too low, march, and adapt all of it to the music. I had to remember several types of choreography.
In particular, learn how to raise a large board, which will be a slogan such as “Love the Labor Party” or “Lever Live the Great Kim Jong Il Leader”.
They were trained for hours and hours until they were fully aligned. Total Keiko took place on Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il’s birthday holidays. On that day, a parade contest was held against the school, and the winning school was awarded a diploma. (Kang Hyuk, Children of North Korea)