In North Korea, students have the right to choose courses and occupations, and the nation has no freedom unless they are good children. This can be seen in an episode in which North Korean defector Park Young-mi introduces her mother.
It was unusual for a woman in North Korea to enter college like her mother, but she was so good that she was admitted to a nearby university in Hamhung. If so, my mother wanted to be a doctor, but only a good student could say what she wanted to learn. My university decided my major was inorganic chemistry, and my mother learned it.
After graduation, party officials decided to return to the plateau to work at a chemical plant. My mother was sent to a lower grade job to make the ingredients for the fragrances in soaps and toothpastes.
A few months later, he was allowed to move to another factory, and he began to work higher at factories that manufacture clothes for export to the USSR. (Park Yong-mi, “The Choice to Live”)
North Korea’s profession is very different from that of the West. First, let’s look at what occupations are popular with students in North Korea.
After finishing junior high and high school, most of the children except those from Songbun’s good home will find employment. For girls, the most popular place of employment is hotel employees. It’s a place where foreigners spend money, so they have a high monthly salary and can always wear good clothes. In addition, you can get the best foods and stocks to be given priority, which is very useful. The second most popular is employees of shops and cafeterias. Because it is convenient to divert products privately and exchange what is needed for my life. In addition, jobs such as seamstresses and beauticians who can earn money in private jobs were also popular. The least popular are production workers such as factories. Work is hard, and if you don’t meet your goals, you’ll cut your wages. (Lu Jinzhu, “North Korea Seen by a Girl”)
The ideal of North Korean youth is not to be a Workers Party member. He said that he would graduate from Pyongyang University of Foreign Studies and become a diplomat, or a foreign trader at a trading company. If that is not possible, he will be a truck or train driver. (Toshio Miyazuka, “Wandering Children and Beauty Corps: Living in North Korea”)
According to Lu Jinzhu, a former delight group candidate and defector, the popular employment place for girls is “ a place where foreigners spend money ”, but the former delight group’s Shin Young-hee is the same Testimony.
The most popular workplaces for North Korean women are clerks at foreign currency stores and canteens. It has been rumored that women working in foreign currency stores bring all the necessary marriage tools necessary for marriage, and they were popular as marriage partners. (Shin Young-hee “I was the dancer of Kim Jong Il”)
According to Shin Young-hee, the staff of the writer group at Literary Publishing Company is also a good place to work for women.
He worked for a literary publishing company in Pyongyang as a staff member of the transcription group. This was an occupation only for women of reasonably good family. In Korea, it can be said that this is an occupation of “intellectual women more than the middle class.” (Ibid.)
Journalists are high-ranking jobs in North Korea.
Journalists are considered a spokesman for the regime in North Korea and are a very prestigious profession. “A hero who wrote the philosophy of the Labor Party is a hero,” Kim Il Sung proclaimed. (Barbara Demick, Ordinary Livres in North Korea)
A journalist, Chambo, had access to more information than the average person. At his office, Hamgyongpuk-do broadcasting station, he heard uncensored reports from foreign broadcasters. Their job was to remove inconvenient parts from these reports and recreate them for domestic use. The boom that happened in the capitalist nations, especially Korea, which hosted the Olympics in 1988, has been reworded to any kind of discounted expression. Conversely, there was plenty of coverage on strikes, disasters, riots, and murders in other countries. (Ibid.)
According to Lu Jinzhu, an unpopular occupation is “production occupations such as factories,” but teachers and researchers are not popular in North Korea.
At North Korean universities, the same is true whether or not you study. Sure, it’s a shame if you can’t study, but if you can study, you’ll only be able to get teachers and researchers from the hardest living universities. (Anchol brothers, “North Korea seen by a secret camera”)
North Korea requires that graduates of Normal University be teachers. However, it is a prerequisite, and descendants of the higher class usually join the People’s Army or go to the security and security departments. In other words, being a soldier or police is a sign of the elite, and a teacher is of lower class. In fact, school teachers were one of the least popular occupations in North Korea. (Shinichi Nebe, “North Korea Exile 730th Document”)
North Korean students, especially boys, are said to want to be soldiers in the future.
The boys shouted. “I want to be a tank pilot.” The teacher smiled happily and asked, “Why do you want to be a tank pilot?”
“To protect my homeland from hatred Yankees.” We became junior high school seniors and were told what kind of work we would like to do in the future. (Lee Hyun-so, “A Girl with Seven Names”)
North Korea has a bizarre occupation that is probably not on the west.
Mrs. Son’s husband used the connection to find a job for her daughter in the publicity department of a construction company. His job was to write a self-portrait report on labor units performing tasks well beyond quotas and on the remarkable progress made in the construction of the roads the company was in charge of. The company had its own advertising car. To be precise, it is a scrapped military truck with a slogan written on its body (“Build a whole society based on Juche ideas”). As the truck passed the construction site, Okuhi grasped the microphone and read his report, pouring the company’s performance through pounding speakers. (Demick, op.cit.)