Landowner

In North Korea, “landowner”, a symbol of capitalism, are treated as evil empowerment.

My mother’s home seems to be very rich. Nevertheless, my mother never said that before us. Speaking of “the landowner”, he seemed to be unconditionally bad in the north, so we did not intentionally speak so as not to burden us. It is a country that dislikes landowners, even if they say badly that they are hungry. (Kim hyon-hui “as a woman”)

People from the landowner class are also lower in status.

As teens are still in high school, they register at a local mobilization branch operated by the Department of Defense. They receive a medical check-up, and secret police investigate family relationships so that suspicious relatives are not assigned to elite units. The landlord’s nephew’s grandson cannot leave Pyongyang or patrol the demilitarized zone. On the other hand, they can be used as alternatives to civil engineering machines at local construction sites. (Andrey Lankov, North of the DMZ: Essays on Daily Life in North Korea)

The Taebaek Mountains, which describes the modern history of Korea, describes the fact that Japanese and landowners worked together to make money during the Japanese colonial era.

In short, Polgyo was a town that was developed by Japanese people during the Japanese Empire era. Before that, the raft bridge was just a cold village along the river flowing along the edge of the Rakuan Plain. It was developed intensively by the Japanese to seize rice in the inland area of ​​Jeollanam-do. Leaving the boat from the raft bridge cove, it was enough to cross Suncheon Bay to Yeosu in half a day and cut the long sea route from Mokpo to Busan in half. If Mokpo was the best port for shipping rice in the western part of Jeollanam-do, Raft Bridge was a river mouth town in the southern part of Jeollanam-do, including Boseong-gun and Hwasun-gun.
In addition, the raft bridge was a major point of traffic at the junction, which is divided into three directions: the Koko Peninsula, Suncheon, and Boseong.
The docks under the railway bridge were boiled by Japanese pom-pom boats coming in on the rising tide, and the number of Japanese who settled in was much higher than in other similar towns.
The city has a strong Japanese atmosphere, and a disproportionately large police station has been built in place of the police station. The town was bustling with business, and was swollen with people coming by the vibrant gold movement.
Eventually, the raft bridge began to show off its army and proud thugs, as do all points of transportation.
Therefore, the words “When you go to the raft bridge, don’t get rich, don’t be a great man” are used no less than words that say, “If you go to Suncheon, don’t go to Yeosu, don’t go to Yeosu.” I started.
However, no matter how many people came in search of money, they would at best have money in their pockets, and the economy was dominated by several Japanese and top landowners.
Landowners were not content with the wealth created by the land alone, but were also commercialized to work with the Japanese and invest in safe businesses.
People who respected the family gate and body, but were computationally expensive, and were eager to pursue profits, so they discarded the personality and character of both groups, making a difference in the meaning of modernization. In addition, even the peasants who had nothing to do with business were more astute than those of the other peasants, and they were gurus. Perhaps because of the magical power of gold, many of the townspeople lived with the Japanese in a reasonable way. (Zhao Yanlai, Taibai Mountains)

In North Korean textbooks, they are treated as bad people as follows.

It was before Japan revived (the day when Japan was liberated from colonial rule, August 15, 1945). Even though no new grain has come out, Tarle’s house has run out of rice to eat.
Thalle’s dad pondered and went to Chijunom (landowner’s disdain). My dad finally borrowed a soybean Ito with more than half a mixed bean shell.
Talle’s house made porridge from the soybeans, ate, and went out to work in early spring. It was worth the effort, and in the fall the cereal grew well. Dad saw the harvested cereal and happily spoke. However, a landowner appeared and took all the harvested grain. I also added that I would return the lent soybeans as two totes.
There was no soy or rice to pay in Tarle’s house. A fox-like landowner shouted, saying, “If so, let’s return soy soup to four next year.” Talle’s house borrowed a soybean soto which he never eats. The following year, the Shito swelled to Hachito. One day after three years, the landowner came to Talle’s house. The landowner glanced at the tare through his glasses and yelled at his father.


The landowner jumped into the room and pulled the tarle into the garden.
Dad beat the landowner with a big sword and dropped him there. That night, Ilchessunsanom (Japanese Imperial Officer) rushed into Tarle’s house. They rolled and pulled his father around and took him to Tarle’s house. Thalle and his mother were expelled from the house, wandering around, and finally survived. After his beloved General Kim Il Sung regained his lands and gave him land, Tarle’s house became more affluent.
(Toshio Miyazuka, Sumiko Miyazuka, “North Korea: Amazing Textbook”)