In North Korea, kindergarten has already provided political education and forced individual worship.
A kindergarten with a special room for studying the biographies of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il, the special room was centered on a huge relief of Mangyodae in the village where Kim Il Sung was born.
Before the class began, the children all bowed to Kim Il Sung’s portrait three times with her teacher and said, “Thank you, Marshal Father.” At present, the ceremony is centered on Kim Jong Il rather than Kim Il Sung.
They recite various episodes of the great lord childhood. “Here my father did exercises to prepare for a fight against the Japanese imperialists,” or “Here, my father, married, did sports and was trained.” (Andrey Lankov, North of the DMZ: Essays on Daily Life in North Korea)
At the festival in Hamhung City, which I taught, I told the old stories of “the story of my beloved leader, Marshal Nisari, when he was young” and “the story of his dear leader, Kim Jong Il, when he was young.” Was taught to children in the form of In the park, there was a classroom called “Lab, which teaches the beloved leader, Marshal Kim Il Sung, when he was young.” Photographs of President Kim Il Sung stuck to the wall.
Point to them and tell them where you were born, who your dad was, and who your mom was. There were also models from the days when the president was born. (Asahi Shimbun Aera editorial department, “Exiles from North Korea”)
A model of the birthplace of Kim Il-sung was placed in the first room, two meters square from the entrance of the kindergarten at the cooperative farm, Shinhung, near Hamhung.
Around ten small chairs lined around it. On the wall of the room, a color-printed poster almost reaching the ceiling was hung in a glass frame.
The posters feature various idealized paintings of the Kim Il Sung clan, who was revered as saints in this country, including Kim Il Sung and his parents and grandparents in childhood and childhood, as well as various deifications of the childhood of the lord. Paintings were on display.
One of them was a picture of a small child, Kim Il Sung, shooting a Japanese police officer with a slingshot, and it was described as “Marshal, the future father fighting the enemy.” (Alexander Zhebin, The Kim Dynasty I See)
North Korea tries to compete with its comrades in various ways, but kindergarten also fuels children’s competitiveness. For this reason, the sign of the “red star” is given out to children, and testimony is made by North Korean defector Chang Ki-hong and Korean aviation bomb defender Kim Ken-Him.
Every kindergarten has a “red star picker”. Make a homeroom-like time at the end of the day’s daily routine, and give a red star to the kid on the bulletin board, who heads in all aspects.
In addition, children who receive a red star receive five sweets and candy before leaving school, and two children who do not receive a red star. “Thank you, our great father, Gen. Kim Il Sung, for you” (Jang Ki-hong, North Korea: Ordinary People)
On the wall of the kindergarten room, a child’s name and a sign that did a good thing were pasted with paper with a pentagram, and a picture and slogan that the child wrote. The slogan is “Thank you, Father Marshal Kim Il Sung,” “We are happy,” “No envy in this world,” “Let’s defeat the enemies of our people in the United States.”(Kim hyon-hui “as a woman”)
Teachers also intervene in children’s play and perform brainwashing.
When a child builds a train with blocks, teachers say, “Let’s run to Korea and help hungry children.” (Lee Hyun-so, “A Girl with Seven Names”)
A kindergarten is built near the workplace for working women.
In companies with many women, such as the spinning factory in Pyongyang and the Gyeongseong Pottery Factory in Hamgyongbuk-do, a kindergarten was built on the premises of the factory next to the factory building. (Zhebin, op.cit.)