History of the power struggle of Kim Jong Il (60s)

Kim Jong Il’s struggle for power began at a party meeting in May 1967. The following is an overview.

Kim Jong Il graduated from Kim Il Sung University in 1964 and was assigned to the center of the party, but soon felt “unhealthy and unclear” within the party.
Secretly exploring it, the party’s top leaders emerged on the back of the party, who said, “ I was trying to abuse my position to spread bourgeois, revisionist, and feudal Confucianism within the party. “I understand.
And when Kim Jong Il, who sensed that he was trying to destroy the authority of the leader with the pretext of opposition to personal worship and destroy the revolutionary achievements made by the leader, reported to Kim Il Sung, the party’s central A meeting is convened.
“ Kim Il Sung will be convened to convene in the early 15th May 1967 the Bourgeois Molecule, the 4th Fifteenth Conference of the Central Committee of the Party to expose and crush the actions of the revisionist molecules (“Mr. Zhang Akihide, Betrayed Rakudo”)

The meeting is described in more detail below.

Kim Il Sung’s direct faction was divided into the Gapsan faction and the Partisan faction, both affiliated with the domestic Communist Party, the latter taking control of the military and also being called the military. At that time, the Gapsan faction was in control of the Workers Party of Korea, and the “establishment of Juche” route was being promoted by the Gapsan faction.
However, following the crisis in August 1958 of the Soviet and Yan’an groups’ large-scale purges of the August Sect, the cracks with the Gapsan factions deepened, and the “ establishment of the subject ” was launched by himself. I had to confront it.
Representatives of the Gapsan faction were Park Jin-hyun, vice chairman of the Central Committee of the Party, Lee Hong-jun, director of the South Business Division, and Kim Doman, vice chairman of public relations and chief of public relations instigators, who demanded a priority on economic construction.
In other words, the economic business was left to economic and technological experts, and the party insisted on reducing interference. The Gapsan faction was also frustrated by Kim Il Sung’s brother Kim’s focus on power.
In October 1966, when Kim Il Sung announced its defense and economic translators at the Second Party Congress, Partisans supported and Gapsans opposed.
At the 14th quarterly meeting of the Central Committee of the Party held in the same month, there was a change in the position of the Party Central Leading Authority.
The party central committee chairman became the “secretary general”, strengthening the party’s rights, abolished the role of the party central committee vice-chairman, established a secretarial bureau, and became the secretary system in charge.
This strengthened the powers of the organization secretary and the organization leader. However, after the change in the party system, Kim Yong-il was ordered to serve as a candidate for the political bureau, as a secretary of the party organization, and as the head of the organization leadership. The favorable conditions for the rise of the gold pillar to the next generation of Kim Il Sung have been met. On the other hand, the Gapsan faction has rejected Kim Yong-sung and has set up Kim Il-sung as the successor to Kim Il-sung, who was ranked fourth in the party behind Kim Il-sung, Yongon, and Kim Il-sung. Showed. Kim Domitsu, the secretary in charge of advertising, created a universal movie to create the image of Park Kim.
That is “Jogag Dansim” (meaning one-stop thinking). Through this movie, the intention of promoting the work of the Gapsan Working Committee at the time of the anti-Japanese struggle and highlighting the role of the main character Park Kim and his wife was seen.
It was Kim Jong Il who bit it. He had the privilege of being the eldest son of Kim Il-sung, and had a role in the Central Committee of the Workers Party of Korea with his father’s ambition for power.
For him, close-ups of Patriotic legends and Gapsan scholars without Kim Il Sung were unacceptable.
In the spring of 1965 when Kim joined the party, Kim Jong Il was in front of the leader of the party.
“In the revolution, leadership is the core nucleus. Thinking of a victory in a revolution without leadership is the same as expecting a flower without the sun.”
“The popular people without leaders are nothing more than ‘hoi polloi’,” he said, saying that the people are openly slandering.
In this way, the party’s fourth quarter of the fifteenth meeting in May 1967 embarked on hostility toward the leaders of the “establishment of Juche,” attacked them as revisionist and anti-party elements, and embarked on purging.
Kim Jong Il is holding an illegal pre-rallies gathering some of his breathtaking Central Committee members ahead of this general meeting, which is a sectarian act violating the party statutes.
So when he spoke of his plan, the participants were equally surprised and upset. (Ibid.)

Here, Park Kim, the vice chairman of the organization of the Central Committee of the Party, is engulfed in Kim Jong Il’s power struggle and dies.

It is natural that partisans who have stayed in the country have more respect for the people than those who have taken action outside the country.
So Park Kim was so popular that Kim Jong Il didn’t like it.
In order to arrange for a loss, we would hold such a meeting, list him, and enumerate the charges.
Park Kim said, “I have never been a minist of Japanese imperialism. I have never acted with my personal interests. I just want to open this heart and show it.” Commits suicide from the second floor at a meeting in May 1967. (Ryo Hagiwara, Motohiko Izawa “Read Korean School History Textbook”)

Kim Jong Il will embark on further opposition after this meeting in 1967.

How many people have been purged since the fifteenth meeting in 1967?
Eight out of eleven political members, four out of five candidates, and eighty-five members of the Central Committee, among the party leaders elected at the 4th Party Congress in 1961, had disappeared by the 5th Congress in 1970. 53 of the 50 candidates and 32 of the 50 candidates.
Among the party leaders who were dismissed as anti-party elements, those who were elected as vice chairs of the Central Committee at the fourth party conference in 1961, such as Park Kim, Kim Masamitsu and Lee Xiaojun, said, “ Construction of ethnic and folk culture. ” This was incompatible with Kim Jong Il’s “absolute leadership.”
“First, among the members and workers, an organization that deeply penetrates the leader’s teachings and party literature that have revealed the poisoning and ideological roots of the traitors, and uses them as guidelines to eradicate unhealthy toxic poisoning. He led the political agenda and the struggle for ideological struggle, led directly by the literary arts and the press and news departments, which were more harmful than any other, and in July 1967 Hamgyongnam- In order to thoroughly root the religious, localist, and familial tendencies that remained in some party organizations, he was forced to take various measures. Go to the machinery industry, Xingnan fertilizer factory, Hamxing wool spinning factory, as well as many factories, business offices and agricultural and fishing villages of Hamgyongnam-do and Pyongannam-do, overcome unhealthy thought and poison, parallel economic and national defense construction Thoroughly follow the party’s line of making It was continued the activities of the day and night. ”
In other words, when Kim Jong Il finishes the purging of party leaders, he jumps into the country himself and begins to thoroughly hunt the remaining religious elements. (Zhang Minghide, op.cit.)