School life and labor

North Korean children cannot concentrate on studying alone, but are engaged in labor to support the nation’s economy.

School tasks were not only learning problems, but also other things, such as “200 fly picking” and “maggot picking”.
He walked sewing all dirty places such as restrooms and garbage dumps, and swung the fly. Leave the bag with the teacher and walk around searching for dirty places until the quota is reached.
The children quarreled with one fly to catch more.
When the sun went down, the children did not fly and did all the quota.They left alone, left two people happily, got the teacher’s bag and went home, but only a few were caught. The child begins to panic with a crying face.
Sometimes I caught a lot of children and said to me, “You don’t give me a little fly. I’ll give you delicious sweets tomorrow.
Dad buys delicious sweets today. Please lend me a little. ”
Also, in order to catch maggots in winter, they come out by digging and digging the soil behind the restroom, and they split them into matchboxes and took them to school. North Korea’s winter vacation runs from January 1 to mid-February, and the summer vacation begins in August and ends at the end of August.
During the holidays, a study group and a living group are organized for each address, and in the morning, the study group performs morning exercises such as the “Futenbo Marathon” and “Motherland National Marathon” and does homework. In the afternoon, the life squad must clean up the area around the residence and go to the construction site for labor support. (Kim hyon-hui “as a woman”)
North Korea’s school life is devoted to organizing and special activities more than teaching. In the second year of the People’s School, anyone automatically joined the Boy Scouts.
The small group activities of various circles, the “ small child prosecuting squad ” that cracks down on the dress of passers-by, the “ small kid hunting business ” that conducts foreign currency earning business, and the “ election singing squad ” to advertise to participate in elections were assigned. He has been mobilized for community cleaning, greening projects, mass gymnastics (mass games) on April 15th and 9 / 9th.
The “little kid squad” has the primary task of cracking down on children’s clothing on campus, but has the authority to crack down on passers-by.
When Pyongyang is a place where many foreigners come, please dress properly. “Women should not wear pants in the summer.” “Teaching penetration,” which is transcribed and practiced in notebooks, begins, and you will be out on the street to crack down on the clothes of passers-by.
Subjects include those who do not wear Kim Il-sung’s portrait badge, women wearing pants, people wearing work clothes and red guards loosely, and people wearing dirty clothes, and write down the workplace name and name. Report to your workplace.
Clothes crackdown will be imminent on April and May, when foreign customers gather in front of Kim Il Sung’s birthday.
The “Children’s Purchasing Business” told children’s schools, “If you want to defeat the US Emperor, you have to buy weapons from abroad, so you have foreign currency.” , Gold, silver, waste paper, empty bottles and junk. During summer and winter vacations, rabbits and dog skins were collected.
These challenges are of greatest concern to urban children.
Local children can buy rabbits at school and at home, and rabbit skins can be easily obtained as such.
“Mom, look for only one rabbit skin, look for it. Other children, three rabbit skins, and another child brought a dog skin …. brought a dog skin. The child was praised and appeared on the wallpaper. I didn’t take one of the rabbit skins, so I was criticized.
I go to a relative’s home in the countryside and finally get a rabbit skin. The small child purchase business is based on ordinary scrap iron, and the quota for individuals is around 10 kilograms.
If the target is not reached, they will be criticized for their lack of loyalty through the Boys’ Organization and the “Summary of Life”. (Ibid.)
Outside of urban schools, that is, town schools and rural schools, schools themselves have to procure fuel. Naturally, the money goes to the students.
Students study at school in the daytime, and in the evening they go digging corn roots according to the classes organized within the school. This also has its own quota.
The corn roots are dug out in the fields, and the soil is removed, carried to the school, carried and loaded, and then dried and burned in the classroom in the cold winter. Students are required to take a briquette of briquettes when going to school before they can pass through the main gate.
Parents are very reluctant to bring briquettes every day, so students are forced to steal others’ briquettes. (Jang Ki-hong, “North Korea: ordinary people”)
At schools in Anzhou, students are forced to catch garbage in the classroom.
Recently, a large amount of garbage has been brought in from France, and students will be led to search for garbage, such as plastic bags, that are still useful.
Garbage from France is being dumped throughout the area along the Heian railway. There, high school students form a row.
He said he would eat anything that could be eaten in the garbage, but his only aim was to pick up discarded plastic bags to use. Pick it up, wash it cleanly with water and take it to the market, exchange 5 plastic bags and a small amount of food
Willing to. (Shinichi Nebe, Testimony: Starvation or Explosion)
North Korea has a duty of “education and labor.” Elementary school is two to four weeks, junior high school is four to ten weeks, and college students are twelve weeks.
After school and during summer vacation, elementary school children mainly pick up scraps and collect used paper, but after a serious food shortage, raising rabbits at school became one of the important compulsory labors.
It is a campaign to increase food production by “changing grass for meat”. Raising herbivorous animals such as rabbits and goats, and taking meat, milk, and fur when they grow up, these animals are easier to breed than pigs and cows. There is an advantage that it does not take.
All you have to do is get wild grass and eat it in the rabbit hut.
“My beloved Marshal Kim Il Sung taught the following: <... You must have a strong campaign to raise rabbits among young people. Raising rabbits is a good thing that can help the country's economy and foster a labor-loving spirit.> Drying various grasses such as acacia leaves, hagi leaves, soybean hulls, kuzu, radish leaves, and winter Be prepared for. We raise ondols and dig holes to keep them from getting cold in winter. This will allow mother rabbits to raise children from early spring. ”
According to the North Korea’s Educational Newspaper, “Rabbits are highly productive livestock that can remove meat and skin and produce a lot of hides without feeding on grain. It is important to solve the problem of winter clothing and the problem of winter clothing. The achievements of Pyongyang Andake Junior High School and Jiujido Jongsen Middle School, etc., must be carried out at each level school, and the rabbit-raising campaign must be carried out extensively. ” “It’s time for the production of rabbits to begin in earnest, and we need to improve the nutritional status of mother rabbits, successfully control epidemics, and prevent the disease of rabbits in the spring.”
(Toshio Miyazuka, Sumiko Miyazuka, “North Korea: Amazing Textbook”)