Car and Traffic Conditions

The car of the republic is on the right side opposite to Japan. (Kim Won-jo, “Republic of the frozen land”)

In North Korea, charcoal cars are running, and the air and unpaved roads are blackened with charcoal.

Sinanju is a town attached to Anju, which is famous for its coal mines, and is the home of the people who mainly go to Anju. Just before entering the town, it was dim even though it was midday. I wondered what happened because of the exhaust gas from the truck that was running ahead. The truck was a charcoal car that was also seen in Japan during the war, running with black exhaust gas. (Zhang Myong-sue, Betrayed Paradise)
I drove for a while and came near my brother’s house. When I entered the alley, I got off the car and entered the house, but there was white sand laid from where I stopped at the car to the front of the house. In North Korea, unpaved roads are dark with anthracite, etc., but it is welcome to lay new sand on it. (Ibid.)

In North Korea, cars cannot be owned by individuals and all passenger cars are carried by senior officials.

Private ownership of a car is basically illegal before anyone can buy it. (Barbara Demick, Nothing to Envy:Ordinary Lives in North Korea)
In the north, all passenger cars were carried by high-ranking officials from the party or the provincial (government) body, so in school I simply bowed toward the passing cars. (Kim Hyon-hui “as a woman”)

In North Korea, there are no traffic lights, and there is a traffic controller called a traffic safety officer instead.

The traffic safety officer is in light blue uniform, hanging a handgun on his waist and holding a red-and-white striped stick of about 30 cm in both hands to keep the traffic tight. (Kenpachiro Satsuma, “North Korea Godzilla Sees”)
Most long-haul trucks in North Korea are military vehicles. Otherwise, it belonged to the Ministry of Social Security’s foreign currency earning institution and was not placed in production departments such as firms or communal farms. Because there was no gasoline, the cars in the production sector had been modified to use alternative fuels (charcoal, corn core, coal) and could not run long distances. (Anchol brothers, “North Korea seen by a secret camera”)
It was 32 kilometers from my county location to the station, but buses were only twice in the morning and afternoon. Many people had already gathered at the bus stop. Rural people, each carrying and carrying luggage, were mixed with business travelers and the People’s Army.
People tried to get on, but the bus driver didn’t open the doors and swam around the bus, scattering the crowd. When the people faltered behind them, they finally opened the door and put the army, party leaders, security guards and security guards first. (Kang Cheol-Hwan, An-hyuk “Escape from North Korea”)
In some cases, iron wheels were fitted to the wheels of wooden wagons and bucked by bulls, sometimes replacing transportation. There weren’t many vehicles with engines, and there were only five tractors used in coal mines and two military jeep’s used by party leaders in the town.
The tractor usually didn’t run due to lack of fuel, but the jeep had a gas generator and was powered by coal instead of gasoline. Sometimes I saw Benz. The privileged class came from the class capital of Pyongyang, a party or military senior car.
In Onsong, the rich man was riding a bicycle, but most people were walking. In North Korea, no one complains about walking forty kilometers. There was no shortage of errands on the move, the most notable being the black market.
Buy at a cheap place and sell at a high place. All the goods are carried by humans. Even if you have a car, there is no fuel. Even the railroad was barely running. The train from Hidden City to Pyongyang took two weeks in town and took three days each way. It does not reach 5 km / h.
In addition, many people doing business in the black market did not use railroads to avoid risk of crackdowns. Walking along the railroad tracks is less likely than meeting a police officer in light green uniforms than going on a highway. Many people do not have travel permits, which are essential for leaving North Korea’s residential area. I could hardly get a permit unless I gave the issuing officer under my sleeve. (Kang Hyuk, Children of North Korea)